A recent survey reports that a majority of the population once in a lifetime have faced vertigo conditions, irrespective of age and gender. It is a common condition found in people above the age of 50 years, but it can even occur in young people as well. Vertigo is often confused with dizziness by many but they are entirely different and sometimes show similar sets of symptoms. Living with vertigo is quite a difficult task as recurring episodes of vertigo makes it difficult to accomplish daily chores. Simple day to day activities like walking, running, driving, etc. seems a hectic task when a person is experiencing bouts of vertigo spells. But you must be wondering what is vertigo? What are its symptoms? And how it can be cured? You have landed in the right place, the answers to all your questions are right here.
Vertigo is referred to as a spinning sensation where a person feels whether he/she is spinning or the nearby surroundings are spinning, which in reality is still. Vertigo is not a disease itself but a symptom of various underlying causes. With vertigo, a person may feel dizzy or experience a loss of equilibrium. Vertigo episodes may last for several minutes to hours depending on the severity of the condition. An injury or inflammation in the vestibular system and the central nervous system may lead to vertigo conditions in a patient. BPPV vertigo, vestibular migraines, Meniere’s disease, vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis are some of the most common vertigo causes. Mild vertigo can be treated well at home with certain vertigo home remedies and vertigo exercises. Regular practice of repositioning manoeuvres for up to three weeks helps in easing vertigo symptoms. If there is no improvement in the condition then seeking medical advice is recommended. An expert neurologist will diagnose the underlying condition of vertigo by asking you to undergo various tests like videonystagmography vertigo test, CT Scans, MRI and so on. He will seek the complete medical history of the patient for accurate diagnosis and would suggest the right vertigo treatment accordingly.
Paying close attention to vertigo symptoms as soon as it starts emerging is a must to prevent the condition from getting severe. Just lie down with closed eyes as soon as you experience vertigo spells till the time you find some relief from spinning sensation. BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo diagnosed in the majority of patients. The symptoms of vertigo get triggered by the sudden movement in the position of the head or by waking up suddenly after a long sleep if you are suffering from BPPV vertigo.
Let’s have a look at some of the most common vertigo symptoms:
- Spinning sensation
- Loss of equilibrium or a person may feel dizzy
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blurry vision
- Abnormal or jerking eye movements (nystagmus)
- Ringing in the ears known as tinnitus
- Hearing loss
- Experience motion sickness
- A feeling of fullness in the ear
By now you are clear with what vertigo is and what its symptoms are. Now, let’s move on to understand how it can be cured. Vertigo home remedies, vertigo exercises, vertigo medications, vestibular rehabilitation therapy are some of the most common vertigo treatment that helps in treating bouts of vertigo.
How is vertigo cured?
Vertigo treatments depend on the underlying vertigo causes. If the vertigo spells are not that intense it may subside eventually without any treatment. If vertigo conditions are severe it requires medical attention along with certain home remedies to cure vertigo completely. Here is a list of some common vertigo treatments:
1. Vertigo Home Remedies
Vertigo can be treated well with certain home remedies and maintaining a regular health regime. Intake of a sufficient amount of vitamins helps in easing vertigo symptoms to a greater extent. Almonds are rich sources of vitamins, eating a handful of almonds regularly is counted as one of the best vertigo home remedies. Take a well-balanced diet rich in vitamin D and include foods that are rich in vitamin D such as orange juice, egg, meat, etc in your daily diet to prevent vertigo symptoms from triggering any further. If we are counting on vertigo home remedies ginger tea is not be missed. As everyone is well aware of the health benefits of ginger, it helps in treating vertigo conditions as well. Ginger roots are known for easing vertigo symptoms, sipping ginger tea twice a day helps in treating recurring episodes of vertigo spells and is counted as effective vertigo home remedies. A natural herbal supplement known as Ginkgo Biloba is quite effective in treating vertigo and is equally effective than any vertigo medicine.
2. Vertigo exercises or repositioning manoeuvres
Practising Vertigo exercises or repositioning maneuvers regularly for up to three weeks helps in treating vertigo symptoms. Seeking expert guidance is recommended before practicing any vertigo exercises on self for correct postures and techniques. He will help you by suggesting the right vertigo exercise as per the diagnosed vertigo cause. Epley maneuver, Semont maneuver, foster exercise, barbeque maneuver, Brandt-Daroaff exercise are some of the most common vertigo exercises recommended by doctors who can be practiced at home easily. Since these manoeuvres contain the movement of the head and the body, it is advised to perform these vertigo exercises in the presence of another member as you may feel slightly dizzy just after completing them.
3. Vertigo medicines
If vertigo symptoms don’t ease with vertigo home remedies and vertigo exercises, your doctor may prescribe you certain drugs to treat the same. After diagnosing the underlying cause of vertigo he will prescribe a dose of vertigo medicines to treat the same. Meclizine Tablet, Betahistine, Stemetil Tablet, Cinnarizine, Stugeron Forte Tablet, Vertin Tablet are some commonly prescribed vertigo medicine. If vertigo condition does not ease after completing the dose, it is advised to seek medical help instead of continuing the medicine for a longer duration.
4. Vestibular rehabilitation therapy
If a person is experiencing vertigo conditions due to vestibular disorders and condition doesn’t seem to ease with vertigo exercises and natural treatment, then your physical therapist may recommend VRT therapy.
It involves a series of exercises that are designed as per individual needs. The vestibular exercise program is designed to help in reducing gaze stabilization, vertigo spells, sensory reorganization, desensitization and development of alternate compensatory pathways. Vestibular rehabilitation therapy helps in strengthening the vestibular system which is responsible for sending signals to the brain that regulate the balance of the body.
If any of the vertigo treatment doesn’t show any improvement in the condition of the patient experiencing vertigo spells, doctors may recommend undergoing surgery, which is a rare case though.