“If you have a garden and a library, you have everything you need. “

Marcus Tullius Cicero

Rooftop gardens are a boon to urban homes. If you live in an apartment or house without enough space to build a yard or garden, a rooftop garden is a savior. It is a gorgeous and eco-friendly addition to your urban home.

If you are a plant lover and love gardening but don’t have enough space in your home, you can make use of your terrace area. In this way you can utilize the unwanted space on the ceiling and also beautify your home.

Rooftop gardens can help you grow ornamental trees and grasses, flowers and even food crops. They are an excellent choice for city gardeners looking to increase their area.

Rooftop gardens have many benefits, such as a safe open play space, a space for urban dining, a place to encourage individual, social and ethnic diversity, and access to study areas for gardening and other gardening techniques. Rooftop gardens also enhance air quality. Gardens are habitats for birds, birds and butterflies; Rooftop gardens encourage this, too. The gardens keep the house cool during the summer, thereby reducing the cost of heating.

If you’re looking to build a rooftop garden, be sure to consult a structural engineer before you begin planting. Choose the right plants and decorations to make the most of your available area.

Steps to Build a Rooftop Garden

Gardening is a great way to relax. Playing with plants in the sun allows us to reconnect with nature. We have lost connection with nature in our busy lives, and gardens help to revive that connection.

There is a good chance that you will be able to grow a rooftop garden if you have a rooftop entryway and a comfortable homeowner. It should only take a few hundred dollars and a weekend or four of your time, even if you have extra supplies.

Step-by-Step Process to Build a Rooftop Garden

Consult an Architect

It is always helpful to have an expert by your side no matter where you are, technically, psychologically or physically. When designing a roof garden, there are many details to consider that you may not be aware of. As a result, it is important to consult a professional before starting a job. You will need to hire an architect not to build the garden but to determine whether your home is safe to build a roof garden.

Evaluate the feasibility of your rooftop garden

If you want to create a garden on the roof of the house, the first step is to determine whether your terrace is suitable for such a project. To do this, you need to know the answers to the following questions:

  • Is your roof suitable for a rooftop garden?
  • What is the orientation of your roof?
  • Should you use wood decking, pavers, rigid insulation, gravel or grass for protection?
  • Will the roof be replaced soon?

At this stage also consultation of an architect would be mandatory. An architect will help you build a garden and determine whether your home is safe to build a roof garden.

windbreaks are important

Since roof gardens are more extensive than regular gardens, windbreaks should be incorporated into the design. Avoid applying substantial windbreaks as they are ineffective and can easily be knocked down by strong gusts. On the other hand, mesh or mesh windbreaks, frame or mesh windbreaks, are suitable for the passage of wind rather than blocking it.

Soil preparation for rooftop garden construction

Most plants can grow on a roof as long as they are provided with an appropriate amount of soil to settle down and thrive. Make sure you research the soil depth needed for different tree species and wildflowers so that you can provide a suitable environment for the plants and trees you grow in your roof garden.

In addition to soil depth, compost also plays an important role in determining the health of your roof garden. You can make your own compost or get one from the store. But if you plan to have a huge rooftop garden, make your own compost. At least that’s what we would suggest.

Do a Weight-Testing Process for Your Rooftop Garden

Conduct a weight testing process for your rooftop garden. Find out if your home’s structure can support the extra load that the roof garden will put on it.

Make every effort to keep the weight as low as possible. For example, use fiberglass or plastic planters instead of clay. Avoid using pavers if possible.

Choose the right plants for your rooftop garden

Growing on a roof is not the same as gardening on the ground. Rooftops have varying microclimates that are often intense. The amount of air and sun your roof gets determines what grows well in a roof garden, how often you should water plants and trees, and whether your plant will survive the winter.

When choosing plants for your roof garden, keep these parameters in mind. Also, keep track of the expenses incurred on the maintenance of the garden.

Azure Blute, Sedum Hispanicum, Reflexum, Sedum Misty Butterfly, Chamomile, and Blue Haze Arctic Fire are some of the plants that grow well in terrace gardens.

Use a damp blanket after adding gravel

This is the step where things get a little easier. Now all you have to do is put your rubbish bags on top. Scratch the gravel into position and roll them over the root membrane. If you want a thicker cover, add even more gravel.

Once the gravel is in position, the damp blanket should be spread out. Be careful about leaving 6-8 inches around the corners when doing this. Old clothes, towels and bags can also be used as damp blankets because they will stay damp for longer.

Put another layer of gravel on top of the damp blanket. Large pebbles and gravel can be scattered along the perimeter of the roof. This will ensure proper drainage and prevent plants from infiltrating your structure.

Finally, use blinking tape to secure the pond liner to the corners of your tower. This will prevent water from getting behind the pond liner.

Choose a Watering System for Your Rooftop Garden

This is the step where you finally decide on the water system for your garden. Initially, you can manage to water your garden with buckets, but gradually you will need a viable and convenient method of watering the plants.

Rainwater harvesting systems or an autonomous irrigation system can be methods of watering. Rainwater harvesting is an excellent technique to ensure that the roof garden gets more water. During the summer, you should water your garden frequently to keep your plants from scorching.

Which roofing system you choose will determine the materials needed to build a rooftop garden. To build your rooftop garden you will need these materials:

  • plants
  • container for growing plants
  • Flooring and other materials to smooth the walking area
  • seating area, animal features, greenhouse or composter

These are some of the things you will need to build a rooftop garden.

What can you grow in your rooftop garden?

The roof area can be used to create ornamental vegetation or an edible garden. You can grow a variety of shrubs, plants, herbs, grasses in your roof garden depending on your budget, climatic conditions, available space and the functionality of the building.

Plan your rooftop garden well.

Rooftop gardens are an excellent way to make use of unused unwanted space on the roof of your building. Perhaps, creating a rooftop garden is not an easy task. Proper research and analysis is needed to make a rooftop garden.

start with a plan

Determine how you will grow your plants and go with garden beds or containers for growing them. Make sure you plan and think about how many containers you will need to grow your plants.

Consult a Structural Engineer

It is always a good idea to consult a structural engineer for your rooftop garden. He will analyze whether your roof will be able to take the load of the garden.

water resistance

Water-resistance in your garden is one of the most important factors in preventing water from seeping into homes below. The system you choose must accommodate expansion due to structural thermal or physical motions while maintaining safety and durability.

Approval from landlord

Check with your landlord and building codes first. Any form of roof use may be restricted due to fire regulations, building height constraints and concerns about access. Once you have the approval, proceed to build your garden.

Integrity of the structure

Before you start growing a garden, make sure you understand the structure of the building and how much weight it can bear. Consult a professional to determine the best container and soil for your plants and trees.

Use durable materials

Larger pots, such as half-barrel planters, are preferable to containers because they are less prone to drying out or blowing around in windy conditions. Use a material that will last a long time and is strong enough.

Supply and movement of materials

What method will you use to move your materials and supplies in and out? If you live in an apartment, check to see if you have access to an elevator. To move plants, materials, soil, and equipment up and down the roof, you’ll need convenient access.

Select the appropriate planting medium

Soil is your best friend in roofing containers and raised beds. Not only is it more water resistant than garden soil, but it is also lighter and less likely to compact over time.

Heat and sun

Pay attention to the exposure to light at the location. Most terraces get full sun, but if nearby buildings are shaded for most of the day, you’ll want to grow shade-loving plants. If your ceiling is painted black as compared to white or silver color then your ceiling


Check the areas of the roof that face winds, and make sure you shelter your plants in those areas. If your roof lacks air vents, either build a trellis or use low pots that hug the exterior walls to provide cover for your plants.

Drainage System

Although soil absorbs most of the water, plants release excess water, which can spoil the aesthetics of your garden area and compromise the structural integrity of the home. The discharge or abundance of water requires a drainage solution that recycles the water.


Include a steel storage space for gardening tools, eco-friendly fertilizers, and other garden items. You can also opt for a bench with built-in steel storage for added convenience. This will not make your garden space look cluttered.

Gardens are a beautiful addition to your urban homes. They are the perfect place to relax after a busy day or spend some time alone in solitude. You can also spend a good time in the garden with your friends and family. The gardens have a warmth that gives peace to your soul and mind. They are also great for nature.

Plan your rooftop garden well so that you can utilize the unwanted space stick and create the garden of your dreams which beautifies your home and can escape peacefully whenever you want some alone time.

Author: The Fashion and City

Hi!! I am Swarupa. A fun loving girl, Leo, trend follower, mad for fashion, desert lover and most important a crazy animal lover.